Hair transplant is a very serious and delicate cosmetic surgery procedure. Receding hairlines and baldness can hugely affect a person’s self esteem. Whereas right surgery by a well trained plastic surgeon can deliver amazing results to a person suffering from hair loss conditions, a poor surgery by untrained plastic surgeon can result in nightmares for the person opting for hair transplant.
Follicular Unit Hair Transplantation (FUT) and Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) are the two most common hair transplant procedures used in hair transplant clinics. While both these techniques can give astonishing results in the hands of a trained plastic surgeon, a rookie or inexperienced surgeon can make a big mess of it.
In this procedure, units of donor hair-strip extracted from scalp areas not affected by Androgenic alopeci (male pattern baldness) are dissected into individual follicular units or grafts having 1, 2, 3, or 4 hair follicular with the help of high resolution stereo microscopes. Then incisions are made into the balding scalp nd the dissected follicular are planted on these sites.
FUE also known as “Follicular Unit Extraction” procedure does not remove a strip of scalp but directly removes hair follicular from the donor areas for transplanting. This method involves lesser scarring if done correctly by trained plastic surgeon.
Possible scenarios of bad hair transplant
If hair transplant is not done by expert plastic surgeons, it can mean poor hairlines, scarred scalp, rag doll look and damage to healthy follicular units in the scalp.
If FUT or FUE hair transplant is done by a novice plastic surgeon, the donor site as well as the recipient site can be badly scarred. Sometimes, because of lack of donor hair follicular sites available in a balding scalp, only a thin density of hair transplant is possible making scars further visible.
Follicular murder is the term used for damage to hair follicular in the FUE technique of hair transplant. The plastic surgeon has to be careful while extracting individual follicular from scalp that they do not get broken into half as it is difficult to know how the follicular is placed under the scalp.
Hairs not planted in natural pattern
The transplanted hair cannot be just planted without following the natural hair growing patterns of a person. An untrained plastic surgeon can deliver a wrong hair progression or pattern than the natural arrangement. This can give a very “rag doll” kind of hair which does not match the surrounding natural growth patterns.
Bigger grafts can give wrong hair density on the recipient site of hair transplant which again can give the rag doll appearance to hair.
Poor Hair lines
We all have hairlines distinct from each other. If a wrong hairline is given to a person because of bad hair transplant, the resultant look can be funny or scary. A trained hair transplant plastic surgeon minutely observes a person’s old photographs and skull shape to come up with the most suitable hairline.
Even though Hair transplant techniques like FUT and FUE are great permanent solutions against baldness, if done by untrained [plastic surgeons, these procedures can give unsatisfactory results. For best results, always go for the most reputed clinics and expert plastic surgeons.